Federal export control laws restrict the export of goods, technology, related technical data, and certain services in the interest of protecting the national security and domestic economy. These laws have been in existence for many years, but the terrorist events of 9/11/2001 have heightened concerns about national security and resulted in a stricter interpretation and enforcement of export control laws and regulations.
Federal export controls are accomplished primarily through two sets of federal government regulations: the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), implemented by the Department of Commerce for items that have both a commercial and potential military use; and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR), implemented by the Department of State for military items and defense services.
The Treasury Department's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions to protect foreign policy and national security goals.
For aditional information, please visit the Export Controls at The Uiversity of Iowa website.